Yiquan - the training content
Posted by Andrzej Kalisz on January 26 2011 16:51:47

Yiquan training can be divided into two parts:

In the basic training stress is put on improving perception of body, movement, strength, energy. This is seen as a basis of the ability of efficient use of body. Mind is focused in each exercise, which helps to achieve better coordination between mind and body, enabling fuller exhibiting of natural potential.

Shi li

Zhan zhuang - relatively static exercises, enabling (due to the simplicity of form) concentrating completely on the subtle co-ordination and improving perception of force which you are using,

Shi li - slow movement exercises, where situation is more complex, but movement is still slow, so you can observe all its important elements.

Moca bu - steps practiced in the same way as shi li - it is shi li for legs.

Fa li - dynamic exercises - issuing force explosively - this is build on zhan zhuang and shi li practice. You are learning issuing force with any part of body (e.g. palms, forearms, elbows, shoulders, head, hips, knees, feet), in various directions, at any point of movement. It can be hitting, but also other movements, used for unbalancing opponent, pushing him away or throwing down.

At first you repeat simple single exercises, so you can concentrate on their essence. Gradually the exercises become more complex. You also start linking them, creating improvised forms. Then there is more and more modifications. You stick to the principles learned through basic practice, but paths of movement, speed, rhythm, ways of using power, are changing endlessly. You develop ability of adapting to unpredictably changing situations. The basic methods are also used as a system of practice for health and well-being.

Another part of curriculum is training with partner.

Tui shou - pushing hands

All abilities and skills which you want to develop, should be related to free fighting. Pushing hands should serve this goal and not be just pushing hands for sake of pushing hands. Tui shou helps to learn the principles which can be used when there is contact of arms of both fighters. If you understand those principles, then you can try using them also when contact is made with other parts of body.

Tui shou

In pushing hands exercises contact lasts for some longer time, but in practical use in free fighting the contact is very often not longer than a split of second. In basic tui shou we do many kinds of circular movements, keeping contact with partner's arms, so it is easier to learn the principles of adapting to changing movements and ways of using power in various situations - with different positions of arms, and different position in relation to opponent.

In pushing hands you learn principles of:

The process of learning pushing hands can be divided into some stages:

San shou - free fighting

Free fighting training includes some introductory and supplementary exercises, which help to understand some aspects of combat better, but most important are various kinds of sparring, with more or less limitations, from light to full contact. According to needs and practitioner's level, protective equipment is used.

Usually the san shou practice is divided into stages:


San shou

Some of basic principles we stress during fighting training:

Only thanks to the training with partner - the direct experience of combat, you can fully understand the basic methods, verify the results of their practice, and accordingly make the right corrections of basic practice, making it more efficient, so it can really help you in improving combative skills.

Through longer training yiquan practitioner develops ability of intuitive, spontaneous reaction also in situations different from typical training patterns. In jianwu - improvised yiquan dance, the high level of skill, experience and spontaneity of advanced practitioner is expressed.


Read more about our training programme here -> ...